Survival of the fittest and struggle for existence are two of the famous terms in Biology. It is obvious that all the living life forms are subject to that statement once or many times during their lifetime. Life is a constant struggle for survival, whether the fight is for food or for mating or just to survive the challenges that environment throws at you. Only those who are best adapted to the ever changing environmental conditions survive and reproduce. To do so, different animals have devised different types of techniques to be well adapted or to just survive and thrive. One of the most interesting of such adaptation or behavior displayed in nature is Mimicry.
Mimicry refers to the similarities developed between non related species, which is used for beneficial reason, that can be for food or protection or survival. It’s sort of a survival adaptation with favorable changes which relates to a better suited animals in the wild.
The forms of mimicry can differ, morphological similarities, behavioral similarities, communicative similarities. Mimicry can be analogous to camouflage in a sense, when it comes to an anti-predator adaptation. A mechanism developed by an organism to counteract against its predator. In simplest of terms, a harmless prey mimics a harmful prey in front of a predator, in order to confirm its survival, because the predator hesitates to attack a harmful prey. For example, two snakes species found in Thailand, Assamese Mountain Snake and the Big-eyed Mountain Keelback , both of these Snakes are harmless, but when threatened they mimic a Cobra by raising its hood in a similar manner to that of a Cobra. Hence, it will manage to scare of its predator, which will assume that it’s a cobra.